Malaria- Signs, symptoms, risk factors and treatment

Malaria is a life threatening disease that spreads when an infected mosquito bites a person , injecting malaria parasites to blood stream of the person.

Malaria is common in hot and humid regions especially Africa and south Asia but occurs all over the world too from South America, Central America, Pacific ocean, Eastern Europe, Dominican republic areas in the Caribbean and Haiti

Malaria

Transmission of Malaria

Pregnant women can transfer malaria before or during child birth to kids

Infected mosquito transmits to a person through injecting the blood stream with the parasitic organism

Rarely, it can be transferred through organ donations, blood transfusions and hypodermic needles.

Symptoms of Malaria

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Sweating and chills
  • Headache
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Muscle or joint pain or ache
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Chest pain, breathing problems
  • Fatigues

N;B; Yellowing of white of the eyes: Jaundice occurs when malaria progresses

Anemia: occurs when malaria progresses

Diagnosis

Blood tests will help confirm the presence of the disease

Treatment

Type of medication and length of treatment depends on parasite causing the symptoms. Always be sure to follow doctor’s prescription after diagnosis. There are different malaria drugs and medications but the few ones are:

Quinine

Artemisinin drugs( Artesunate, Arthemeter etc)

Chloroquine

Deoxycycline(Doxy-100 monodox, oracea

Meflowuine

N/B: There are malaria injections too. In case you prefer injections, your care giver will prescribe appropriate one to give.

Side effects of medications to treat malaria

It is dependent on medication.

Headaches, seizures, ringing in ears( tinitus), increased sensitivity to light, nausea and diarrhea are common.

How to prevent Malaria

  • Wear long clothes to cover your body while you sleep
  • Prevent  breeding of mosquitoes by clearing bushes, flowers etc.
  • Discourage breeding of mosquitoes by draining stagnant waters
  • Use of mosquito repellants
  • Sleep under mosquito treated nets
  • Use mosquito and insect spray from time to time
  • Put screens on windows and doors

N/B; Malaria infection can be cleared from the body with the right treatment. Yet malaria can recur if you are bitten by infected mosquitoes again

Speak to your doctor for diagnosis and the right prescription before you begin treatments

Transmission Cycle

  1. Mosquito feeds on blood of infected persons
  2. Bites an uninfected person and injects his blood stream with the malaria parasites
  3. It travels to the liver of the infected person
  4. Leaves from liver to bloodstream
  5. From there, symptoms develop
  6. The cycle continues as it bites the infected person to the next

people at risk.

  • Travelers going and coming from areas with established malaria presence.
  • Young children and infants
  • Pregnant women and unborn babies
  • Older people

Malaria complications

  • Anemia: It causes inadequacy of red blood cells
  • Cerebral malaria: Causes brain swelling and eventual damage along with seizures and coma
  • Organ failure; When malaria damages organs like kidney and liver
  • Low blood sugar( Hypoglycemia) can result in coma or death
  • Breathing problems due to accumulated fluids in lungs.

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Disclaimer; No content on JaRaHaB should be used as a direct substitute for medical advice from your doctor, health and appearance personel or practitioner.

Jarahab
I am Ray. A simple girl who writes for fun and therapy. Your favourite entrepreneur and health professional who is MPH certified. Passionate health Writer and Mental health advocate who has and is still having her fair share of varying daily, rare and challenging health and lifestyle struggles and shares in her voice how she overcomes them and how you too can cope for good Mental health. A survivor and writer with many books written to be published, a tech enthusiast and a perfectionist who has come to terms with embracing the imperfect life happily against odds through her realist nature. Oh, did i mention that there's something about me and Social entrepreneurship i have been exploring on this part of the world? Oh, anything to get the ball rolling with lots of side passions. I am founder of social enterprise called Ray. And, you know, 'I love you' just the way you are.
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