Every young woman who hits puberty has something to show for it and one of it is the period cycle that comes with menses. It’s absence breeds questions like; what are the causes of irregular menstruation and what are the likely solutions
Every menstruating woman cycle is different from the other.
Yet it is something that all women on earth have come to embrace despite the hassle of extra care and attention plus extra hygeine process they put in during their cycle.
In fact, it becomes a major source of worry when the period is late especially when the woman is sexually active.
A lot of questions begin to raise in the mind.
Questions like, if she is pregnant or not.
Even for one who has become extremely familiar with their cycle and knows how it comes, it can even become more worrisome when some inexplicable changes takes place.
Such changes takes women unaware of the circumstances regarding their cycle. And as we know, a woman’s cycle is related to her fertility and ability to concieve even her overall health.
Missing two or more periods in a row, having excessively heavy cycle or shorter or longer periods, even period lighter or heavier than the usual can be termed as irregular menstruation or abnormal menstruation.
I guess you must have realized certain changes in your cycle which prompted you to come read this piece. So what exactly are the causes of irregular menstruation and what is the solution?
Tip; remember that a normal menstrual cycle can range from 21-35 days.
Examples of irregular menstruation are
- -periods accompanied by serious pains, vomiting, cramping or nausea.
- – Menstrual flow that is heavier than the usual
- -Menstrual flow that is lighter than the usual
- -Menstrual flow absent for three or more times
- – Menstrual flow that occurs in less than 21 days or more than 35 days apart
- -Spotting or bleeding during or in between sex and in between periods.
There are a few cases that defines the common issues associated with irregular periods and there are also solutions or ways around it.
This is a term used to describe infrequency of periods
-Abnormal uterine bleedings.
This includes spotting which occurs in a woman or bleeding in between periods, including having periods heavier than normal or spotting before or during sex.
While many women feel varying degrees of discomfort during periods, it may not be an issue but periods that suddenly become continuously painful or painful than the usual may just be dysmenorrhea.
This is the absence of period for 90 days or more.
In Amenorrhea the period stops completely even though the woman is not breastfeeding or undergoing menopause nor pregnant .
Causes of irregular periods
– Birth control pills
Most pills consumed by women in order to keep pregnancy at bay tend to take long before relieving the body of it’s effects.
Many times after discontinuing the use of this pills the ovaries are still prevented from releasing eggs.
Birth control pills contain a combination of the hormones, oestrogen and progestine.
So many times after discontinuing this pills, the woman may still miss her periods for up to six months.
Women who take birth control pills that contains only progestin may bleed between periods. So quitting this pills may likely be the solution to your irregular period in this case
-Stress and lifestyle
Almost heard of how stress impacts almost every process of the body negatively including your blood pressure!
I remember those times when i get worried unnecessarily when i miss my periods even though i knew i wasn’t sexually active only to be told it was no cause for alarm and was just a way my body tried to communicate to me that it was extremely stressed.
When ever i was stressed most times, i just knew it but had no idea how powerful same stress can affect other bodily functions.
When you gain or loose significant amount of weight, the period is affected too.
From knowing that i was a naturally fat person and taking decisions into my hands to keep my weight in check,
Most times i just add so much weight within a short time and end up loosing so much weight within another short period.
This swaps in weight proportion only ends up hurting my menstrual cycle. In this case, managing stress may just be the solution to your irregular menstruation and period
Lifting heavy weights and doing extremely strenuous activities can affect how the period flows or shows up.
Factors like when woman falls ill as well as factors like travel can affect a woman’s cycle.
But so long as you know the causes for your irregular menstruation or cycle and act on it then it should not be a problem as the solution lies around knowing the cause of it.
Example; Doing things like loosing or gaining weight gradually can help the balance, exercise moderately and manage stress and get your period flowing normally.
So many things occur abnormally in the body that we are not aware of.
Endometriosis occurs when the endometrial tissue starts to grow outside of the uterus.
Many times, the endometrial tissue attaches itself to the ovaries or fallopian tubes and causes irregular menstruation
Endometrium may cause cramps and pains before and during periods.
It can cause painful sex and abnormal bleeding.
-Uterine polyps or fibroids
Uterine polyps are small benign or non cancerous growths in the lining of the uterus.
While uterine fibroids are tumors that attach to the walls of the uterus.
Fibroids may range in size from being small, the size of an apple to being as big as a grape fruit.
These tumors cause heavy bleeding and pain during periods.
Large size of fibroids may put pain, pressure or discomfort on the bladder or rectum. In a nut shell, fibroids causes irregular menstruation
-pelvic inflammatory disease
When sex occurs bacteria may enter via the vagina via sexual contact and spread to the uterus and upper genital tract and cause irregular periods and menstruation
Other procedures like abortion, miscarriage and child birth may cause varying symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease like vomiting, diarrhea, pain in the pelvic and abdominal area, fever, nausea, vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor and lots of other issues and of course it also causes irregular periods or menstruation
-polycystic ovary syndrome.
In this case, the ovaries makes large amounts of androgens filled with male hormones.
Small fluid filled sacs known as cysts may form in the ovary and can only be detected by ultrasound.
These hormonal changes prevents eggs from maturing thereby hampering other processes like ovulation too.
When this occurs, the woman may have her periods become irregular or find them stopped completely.
This condition is associated with excessive hair growth, acnes, obesity and infertility.
Polycystic ovary syndrome may be caused by a hormonal imbalance whose cause is not known.
Ovulation stimulating medication may be used in this case if the woman desires pregnancy.
-Premature ovarian insufficiency
In this condition, the menstrual cycle stops just like in menopause but occurs in women under 40 years of age.
Many times this occurs in patients undergoing chemotherapy/ Radiation for cancer.
If there is a history of premature ovarian insufficiency or even chromonal abnomalities, then there is a likelihood of developing it.
In all of these, speak to your doctor about it.
– Thyroid issues
An over active or under active thyroid can affect menstrual cycle and fertility.
Speak to your doctor so you can get hormone correction treatments.
– complications associated with pregnancy.
Ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage and the likes can cause irregular periods.
Some steroids and anti coagulant drugs which thins the blood can affect periods too.
-Uterine cancer/ Cervical cancer
It can also affect your periods.
If you are bothered by your irregular periods and want a change, then it is best to ascertain the cause first so you can undergo right correction treatments in cases of thyroid issues and polycystic ovarian syndrome
Change or stop birth control pills if yours is caused by pills.
Lessen exercise, manage stress, manage weight, take charge of your health and travel.
Surgery is a very scary topic but many times that is just the last option especially when there is scaring or structural problem in the uterus or fallopian tubes.
But if you want kids and it can make you have kids, then why not! Go for it. It is worth the risk.
All said, if you have identified what category you fall then it is best to speak to your doctor.
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